Family molds consist of two or higher impressions that custom mold different parts. polymers are being utilized successfully in family molds. Like any alternative polymer, their flow into the unique components must be balanced. Most components should fill evenly and equally.
Else , uneven packing will occur; a number of parts will be overpacked and highly stressed, resulting in warpage, and other components will be underpacked or not completely filled.Note: Family molds ought to be avoided in case possible simply because balanced flow is difficult to attain. In case family molds are needed , flow should be balanced by varying runner diameters, not gate size.
Custom mold polishing and texturing
polymers offer excellent gloss and pick up custom mold finish very well. Keep in mind that surfaces polished smoother than required for ejection simply add to custom mold cost. In most cases, extremely polished surfaces can hinder ejection in case there is usually a vacuum drawn in minimal or no draft areas. Where no vacuum is drawn,
polished surfaces generally eject better.
The subsequent guidelines are suggested:
- Specify SPI mold finish requirements .
Sp ecify surfaces smooth sufficient to minimize ejection force.
Sp ecify last polish within the direction of draw to minimize scuffing.
Add a light 320 dry grit blasting (SPI B3 finish) to drafted walls
to decrease the possibility of a vacuum developing during ejection.Texturing mold surfaces Texturing is useful in hiding weld lines, flow scars, gate blush, sink scars, and scuffing. There are hundreds of standard patterns available. Basically, anything that can be drawn in black and white can be utilized as the basis for the texture pattern.
It’s important to decide on a texture pattern early in the design process in order that the appropriate draft angles and contours can be incorporated directly into the part.
Typical texture depth is 0.065 to 0.085 mm (0.0026 to 0.0031 in.). To aid ejection, 1.5 degree draft should be added for every 0.026 mm (0.0011 in.) of texture depth.
There exist many different techniques for applying textured surfaces:Mold polishing-User controls level of gloss by varying polishing grit diameter.Photoetching?aMost common texturing procedure Electric Discharge Machining (EDM) or spark erosion-Makes economic sense if the impressions of the tool is eroded by EDM also Sandblasting-Suitable simply for mostly flat surfaces,Matte chromium platin-Produces a matte, wear-resistant texture